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Proposed Design of Integrated Waste Processing Plant


Published on Feb 27, 2019

Abstract

Under the ambit of “Swachh Bharat Mission” launched on 2nd October 2014, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India, had stressed that effective management of municipal solid waste management is one of the key goals to be achieved.

An unfortunate fallout of rapid urbanization without the adequate infrastructure backup is that in all Indian cities/towns, disposal of waste is done indiscriminately, leading to stray animal menace, clogged drains and spread of diseases. The process of collection, transportation and disposal of MSW is not complete in most of the cities/towns with garbage heaps remaining unattended until the severity reaches unmanageable proportions. Also, the high organic content of Indian MSW, compounded by the hot and humid tropical climate leads to the rapid decomposition of the uncollected waste and is an ever-present health hazard.

Waste Management is more than just collection, transport, processing, recycling, disposal and monitoring of waste materials. Numerous factors, such as environmental, economic, technical, legislation, institutional and political issues, have to be taken into consideration.

This report will provide a detailed drawing and costing of Solid Waste Processing Plant for the city of Channapatna.

Keywords : Waste Management, Processing Plant Design, Landfill, Msw, Channapatna, Estimation And Costing, Drawings.

Objectives:

 Review the present status of processing plant and to propose a design for effective management for the next 10 years.

 Preparation of detailed project report comprising design, drawings and costing for the following components:

 Landfill

 Compost Yard

 Leachate Collection Pond

 Roads and Drains

 Rainwater Recharge Pit

 Toilets, Septic Tank and Soak Pit.

Methodology

Step 1: Collection of basic information about Channapatna town such as present population, area, number of wards, length of road, total water supply, per capita water supply, summer and winter temperature, average elevation and average annual rainfall from the municipal council and concerned authorities.

Step 2: Collection of primary and secondary data such as, quantity of waste from different generators, composition, physical and chemical composition of solid waste.

Step 3: Estimation of projected population, quantity of waste generation and quantity of waste reaching the processing plant.

Step 4: Carrying out the survey work such as area, contours and existing structures at municipality allocated processing plant.

Step 5: Designing of various components such as compost yard, leachate collection pond, roads, drains, rainwater recharge pit, toilets, septic tank, soak pit and landfill.

Step 6: preparation of layout plan, conceptual and detailed drawings

Step 7: preparation of bill of quantities.

Software Requirements

AutoCAD, Ms Excel.

Results and Conclusion :

This report provides the detailed drawing and estimation of various components of solid waste processing plant. Providing good infrastructure for processing plant improves the quality of the urban environment, protects the environmental health, increases the efficiency of processing thereby which can increase the reuse of recyclable materials which increases the economy, income and employment.

Scope For Future Work:

This report can be further used as a reference to further develop other Waste Processing Plants for all Cities.

Project Done By Mr. Rithik.S, Ms. Harshitha.M.R, Mr. Devaraj, Mr. Trimurti






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