Prototyping (RP) can be defined as a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate
a scale model of a part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design
(CAD) data. What is commonly considered to be the first RP technique, selective
laser sintering was patented by CARL DECKARD A UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS GRADUATE STUDENT.
The company was founded in 1989, and since then, a number of different RP techniques
have become available. Rapid Prototyping has also been referred to as solid free-form
manufacturing; computer automated manufacturing, and layered manufacturing. RP
has obvious use as a vehicle for visualization. In addition, RP models can be
used for testing, such as when an airfoil shape is put into a wind tunnel. RP
models can be used to create male models for tooling, such as silicone rubber
molds and investment casts. In some cases, the RP part can be the final part,
but typically the RP material is not strong or accurate enough. When the RP material
is suitable, highly convoluted shapes (including parts nested within parts) can
be produced because of the nature of RP.There is a multitude of experimental RP
methodologies either in development or used by small groups of individuals.
RAPID PROTOTYPING NECESSARY?
The reasons of Rapid Prototyping are
" To increase effective communication.
To decrease development time.
" To decrease costly mistakes
To minimize sustaining engineering changes.
" To extend product lifetime
by adding necessary features and eliminating redundant features early in the design.
Rapid Prototyping decreases development time by allowing corrections to a product
to be made early in the process. By giving engineering, manufacturing, marketing,
and purchasing a look at the product early in the design process, mistakes can
be corrected and changes can be made while they are still inexpensive. The trends
in manufacturing industries continue to emphasize the following
Increasing number of variants of products.
" Increasing product complexity.
Decreasing product lifetime before obsolescence.
" Decreasing delivery
Rapid Prototyping improves product development by enabling better communication
in a concurrent engineering environment.
LIGHTS OF SLS
It is patented in 1989.
Considerably stronger than stereo lithography.
Laser beam selectively fuses powder materials; nylon, elastomers and so on metals.
Process is simple.
There is no milling or masking steps required.
Powdering, porous surface unless sealant is used. Sealant also strengthens the
materials are easily removed after a build by brushing of.
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