The aim of the power system
has always been to supply electrical energy to customers. Earlier the consumers
of electrical energy were mere acceptors. Interruptions and other voltage disturbances
were part of the deal. But today electric power is viewed as a product with certain
characteristics which can be measured, predicted, guaranteed, improved etc. Moreover
it has become an integral part of our life. The term 'power quality' emerged as
a result of this new emphasis placed on the customer utility relationship.
fact that power quality has become an issue recently does not mean that it was
not important in the past. Utilities all over the world have for decades worked
on the improvement of what is now known as power quality. In the recent years,
users of electric power have detected an increasing number of drawbacks caused
by electric power quality variations. These variations already existed on the
electrical system but only recently they are causing serious problems. This is
because of the fact that end use equipments have become more sensitive to disturbances
that arise both on the supplier as well as the utility side. End use equipments
are more interconnected in networks and industrial processes, that the impact
of a problem with any piece of equipment is much more severe. To improve power
quality with adequate solutions, it is necessary to know what kinds of disturbances
occurred. A power quality monitoring system that is able to automatically detect,
characterize and classify disturbances on electrical lines is therefore required.
INTEREST IN POWER QUALITY
quality is an increasingly important issue for all business. A recent study by
IBM showed that power quality problems cost US business more than $15 billion
a year. The increased interest in power quality has resulted in significant advances
in monitoring equipments that can be used to characterize disturbances and power
quality variations. The recent increased interest in power quality can be explained
in a number of ways.
Equipments have become more sensitive to voltage disturbances
and power electronic equipments have especially become much more sensitive to
voltage disturbances than their counterparts 10 or 20years ago.
Equipments cause voltage disturbances
Modern electronic and power electronic
equipments are not only sensitive to voltage disturbances but also cause disturbances
for other customers. E.g. Non-sinusoidal current drawn by rectifiers and inverters.
Technical challenge taken up by utilities
Designing a system with a high
reliability of supply at a limited cost is a technical challenge which appealed
to many in the power industry and hopefully still does in the future.
Power quality can be measured.
The availability of electronic equipments
to measure and show wave forms has certainly contributed to the interest in power
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