Dhaval Patel from IIT Kharagpur
This Seminar has been developed in an attempt to provide an objective introduction to the issues of E-Voting surrounding the introduction of information technologies into the voting process. Voters’ trust in elections comes from a combination of the Mechanisms and procedures we use to record and tally votes. In this seminar I am going to present the various Electronic voting Method like voting by kiosk, Internet, telephone, punch card, and optical scan ballot, Proms and Cons of all voting types. I have also described how the evolution of various voting machines has been carried out in last 100 eras. There is a discussion on some of the problem found in e-voting machine like Florida’s butterfly ballots design problem. As the new problem known to the people, what is a reaction of the people toward this voting process? Like I have discussed some the well-known issues like Voter Verifiable result, Mercuri Method, Ballot Design Issues and etc.. At the end I have illustrated IEEE performance standard for voting machine.
E-Voting Electronic voting is a term used to describe any of several means of determining people's collective intent electronically. Electronic voting includes voting by kiosk, Internet, telephone, punch card, and optical scan ballot (a.k.a. mark-sense). Voting is done for many reasons and in many situations, ranging from determining the next garden club officers to determining the next leader of a country. Depending on the situation, a voting scheme will be required to meet differing needs depending on the circumstances. One hopes that in this way the voting process becomes faster, cheaper, more convenient, and also more secure. Requirements in E-Voting A voting system should satisfy these requirements:
• Eligibility and authentication – only registered voters must be admitted.
• Uniqueness – no voter may cast his vote more than once.
• Accuracy – voting systems should record the votes correctly.
• Verifiability and audit ability – it should be possible to verify that all votes have been correctly accounted for in the final tally, and there should be reliable and verifiably authentic election records.
• Secrecy – no one should be able to determine how any individual voted.
• Non-coerciability – voters should not be able to prove to others how they voted; otherwise vote selling and coercion would be facilitated.
• Minimum skill requirement for voter • Minimal requirement of equipment
• Minimum Time required for vote
The traditional way of voting has been to mark a token (shell, card or piece of paper) in private and then put it into a box or pot. The key points were to make sure that:
• Each voter could only have one token to vote with.
• The token could be marked in private.
• The box could only be accessible to voters.
• At the end of the election the box would be opened in the presence of observers of all the parties standing for election.
• If results were in doubt different people could count the tokens again.
How Much information to be collected during the voting? If only the Name of the candidate then it is very easy to count. Consider a case like in USA, large number of issues Americans are asked to vote on at the same time. Thus to ease the counting lever and so new voting technique in using an optical machines are used in elections.
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