The proposed model aims for designing and developing an AADHAR card based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology. As the AADHAR is a unique identity number associated with every citizen of India, the main idea of integrating the RFID system with the existing AADHAR card is to automate the delivery of various government schemes and services to the authenticated users. All the government agencies, organizations and institutions can implement this technology. Since AADHAR database already has the personal information and the Biometrics of the cardholder, it will eliminate the use of separate biometric verification. This would reduce additional costs on technological resource and work force. The RFID card emits a wave in the radio frequency range, which the RFID sensor would detect. The sensor would be connected to a central computer to record and send the live feed to the authentication portal of UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India). The authentication message would be sent back to confirm the authenticity without sending any background details. This technology can be combined with the Public Transportation System, Public Distribution System (PDS), Driving Licenses, and Government Hospitals and in voting systems, which currently use EVMs (Electronic Voting Machine).
The human race is advancing for more innovation and discoveries. Similarly the existing systems need to be updated with the latest technology. The proposed concept of the RFID based AADHAR card is one such example.RFID is the use of radio waves to read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object. A tag can be read up to several feet away and does not need to be within direct line-of-sight of the reader to be tracked. A RFID is basically made up of two parts, a tag and a reader. RFID tag are embedded with a transmitter and receiver. The RFID component on the tags have two parts, a microchip that stores and processes information and an antenna to receive and transmit a signal. The tag contains a specific serial number for one specific object.
To read the information encoded on a tag, a two way radio transmitter-receiver called interrogator emits a signal to the tag using an antenna. The tag responds with the information written in its memory bank. The interrogator will the transmit the read results to an RFID computer program. The main motive is to automate the services to the citizens of the country. Since the existing AADHAR database has the details of every citizen but it is not used to its full potential. All the government services which include public transportation sector, public distribution system (PDS) and other crucial sector of the central and state government which provide services to the citizens can use this technology for automation. This would reduce the additional costs on technological resources and workforce which would be required otherwise. The real potential for achieving the desired results with UIDAI AADHAR depends on the effective execution of digitization and automation of the welfare schemes. The Unique Identification (UID) number of the UIDAI will be able to address the various issues related to the PDS sector and identify the beneficiaries. Also, the RFID based AADHAR card will play a crucial role for passport, driving license e-verification. From purchasing a bus ticket to challan of driver will all be covered under this automation. Since the AADHAR card number is linked to citizen’s bank accounts, the fee would be automatically deducted from the account.Also authentication in a country is a necessary entity, which would be achieved by the RFID AADHAR card. Till now no such system of automation exists. The proposed system would also fix the loop holes which in turn curb the problem of duplication of AADHAR card and misuse of details of the authorized users.[/justify]