Maintenance has a far greater
impact on corporate profitability than most managers are willing to consider,
much less admit .And, as the competitive environment in the world continues to
increase the pace, companies are looking for new strategies to save on costs,
develop employees to face future challenges and bring about a new culture at work
place. This has become imperative to stay in business and have an edge over the
competition. In this situation, a number of strategies like Total Quality Management,
Kaizen, quality circles, ISO certification, six sigma and Total productive Maintenance
are available and it is the management choice to selectively implement these in
What is TPM ?
Seiichi Nakajima (1988) has defined TPM as an innovative approach to maintenance
that optimizes equipment effectiveness, eliminates breakdowns, and promotes autonomous
maintenance by operators through day-to-day activities involving the total work
force. Thus, TPM is not a specific maintenance policy, it is a culture, a philosophy
and a new attitude towards maintenance. The salient features of TPM is the involvement
of operators in carrying out autonomous maintenance by participating in cleaning,
lubrication, minor repair, adjustments etc. The benefits of TPM can be very tangible.
There are organizations, which through implementation of TPM have been able to
increase the production volume by 50%. Reduce down time by 27% and rate of defective
products by 80%. In addition to tangible benefits, TPM also various intangible
benefits such as fostering of teamwork, increase morale, safety and nurturing
the work force increased intellectual capabilities having the potential of meeting
today's level of competition and challenges.
TPM descends from Japan and came into existence in the seventies.
After Dr W Edward Deming made an impact in Japan through his teaching of quality,
Japanese organization felt a need for autonomous maintenance and small group activities
to support the quality movement. Today thousands of organizations all over the
world are implementing TPM and about 100organisations are now doing it in India.
Total productive maintenance (TPM) is a proven strategy for medium to large industries
to get superior business results and develop people skills to take on future business
Challenges. Unlike ISO certification process, in TPM, focus is on maintaining
the equipment and process in perfect condition- to get best quality products and
involve all employees in Collectively carrying out loss elimination, using analytical
problem solving tools. The fundamental belief is that if the equipment is maintained
well and setting is done by a conscious, skilled operator, once can get the best
quality product. The whole concept of TPM is built around this belief and hence
the name total productive maintenance. However, this concept can be applied to
places other than plant and equipment and instead we could name Total productive
Management rather than just maintenance.
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