Recently, there is an increasing interest in accurate location
finding techniques and location based applications for indoor
areas. The Global Positioning System (GPS) and wireless enhanced
911(E-911) services also address the issue of location finding.
However, these technologies cannot provide accurate indoor geolocation,
which has its own independent market and unique technical challenges.
advances in global positioning system (GPS) technology, millions
of square meters of indoor space are out of reach of GPS satellites.
Their signals, originating high above the earth, are not designed
to penetrate most construction materials, and no amount of technical
wizardry is likely to help. So the greater part of the world's
commerce, being conducted indoors, cannot be followed by GPS satellites.
some everyday business challenges. Perpetual physical inventory
is needed for manufacturing control, as well as to keep assets
from being lost or pilfered. Mobile assets, such as hospital crash
carts, need to be on hand in an emergency. Costly and baroque
procedures presently track and find manufacturing work-in-process.
Nor is the office immune: loss of valuable equipment such as laptop
computers has become a serious problem, and locating people in
a large office takes time and disrupts other activities.
systems share is a need to find and track physical assets and
people that are inside buildings. The design differences between
an efficient asset-tracking system and GPS arc more basic. First
and foremost, control of the situation shifts from users of GPS
receivers, querying the system for a fix on their position, to
overhead scanners, checking up on the positions of many specially
tagged objects and people. In GPS, each receiver must determine
its own position in reference to a fixed infrastructure, whereas
inside a building, the tracking infrastructure must keep tabs
on thousands of tags.
Systems consulting for a health maintenance organization (HMO)
sparked the interest in this technology. As patients' files were
often impossible to find, doctors were forced to see one in five
persons unaided by a medical record. Attempts to bar code the
records did not solve the problem, as HMO staff frequently forgot
to scan critical files when passing them between offices. Not
surprisingly, the files most often misplaced concerned complicated
cases with multiple caregivers. The record room employees could
be found in clinical areas, most of the time, consulting lists
of desperately needed records as they sifted through piles of
paper. Several physicians wondered if there was anything like
the GPS devices that they could use to track the records through
indoor geolocation is an important and novel emerging technology
for commercial, public safety and military applications. In commercial
applications for residential and nursing homes there is an increasing
need for indoor geolocation systems to track people with special
needs, the elderly, and children who are away from visual supervision,
to locate in-demand portable equipment in hospitals, and to find
specific items in warehouses. In public safety and military applications,
indoor geolocation systems are needed to track inmates in prisons,
and navigating policeman, firefighters and soldiers to complete
their missions inside buildings.
These incentives have initiated
interest in modeling the radio channel for indoor geolocation,
development of new technologies, and emergence of first generation
indoor geolocation products. To help the growth of this emerging
industry there is a need to develop a scientific framework to
lay a foundation for design and performance evaluation of such
You may also like this : Quantum Dot Lasers, Plasma Antennas, Organic Light Emitting Diode, Narrow Band & Broad Band ISDN, Nanotechnology, Led Wireless, Laser Communication Systems, Josephson Junction, Introduction to the Internet Protocols, Imagine , Cellular Communications , Heliodisplay, Optical Mouse , Time Division Multiple Access , Element Management System, Extended Markup Language , Synchronous Optical Network, Dig Water , CRT Display , Satellite Radio TV System, Robotics , Wireless Application Protocol , Synchronous Optical Networking , Cellular Radio , Optic Fibre Cable, Infinite Dimensional Vector Space , Low Voltage Differential Signal, Plasma Display , GPRS,Landmine Detection Using Impulse Ground Penetrating Radar, NRAM, GSM , Wireless Intelligent Network , Integrated Voice and Data , MEMS, Smart Quill, Automatic Number Plate Recognition, Optical Camouflage, Smart Fabrics, Java Ring, Internet Protocol Television, FireWire, Night Vision Technology, RD RAM , Implementation Of Zoom FFT in Ultrasonic Blood Flow Analysis, Military Radars , Modern Irrigation System Towards Fuzzy, Smart Cameras in Embedded Systems, Spin Valve Transistor , Moletronics- an invisible technology,Electronics Seminar Reports, PPT and PDF.
Labels : Advanced Technical Seminar Topics for ECE, IEEE Seminar Topics for ECE 2012|2011|2009, Electronics Seminar Topics for Diploma Students, Seminar PPT Electronics Communication, Electronics Seminar PPT Abstract, Electronics Seminar Topic Full Paper Download, Latest PPT for Electronics, Latest Electronics Seminars PPT, Electronics Seminars for You, Electronics Seminars Topics Latest, Electronics Seminars PPT,Electronics Seminars 2012|2011|2010