Models Of Computation
seminar aims at introducing various other forms of computation methods. Concepts
of quantum computing ,DNA computing have been introduced and discussed . Particular
algorithms (like the Shor's algorithm) have been discussed. Solution of Traveling
alesman problem using DNA computing has also been discussed . In ¯ne,the
seminar aims opening windows to topics that may become tomorrow's mainstay in
Richard Feynman thought up
the idea of a 'quantum computer', a computer that uses the e®ects of quantum
mechanics to its advantage .Initially, the idea of a 'quantum computer' was primarily
of theoretical interest only, but recent developments have bought the idea to
foreground. To start with, was the invention of an algorithm to factor large numbers
on a quantum computer, by Peter Shor ,from Bell labs . By using this algorithm,
a quantum computer would be able to crack codes much more quickly than any ordinary
(or classical) computer could.
In fact a quantum computer capable of performing
Shor's algorithm would be able to break current cryptography techniques(like the
RSA) in a matter of seconds. With the motivation provided by this algorithm, the
quantum computing has gathered momentum and is a hot topic for research around
the globe. Leonard M. Adleman solved an unremarkable computational problem with
an exceptional technique. He had used 'mapping' to solve TSP. It was a problem
that an average desktop machine could solve in fraction of a second. Adleman,
however took , seven days to find a solution. Even then his work was exceptional,
because he solved the problem with DNA. It was a breakthrough
and a landmark
demonstration of computing on the molecular level.
case of quantum computing and DNA computing ,both have two aspects.Firstly building
a computer and secondly deploying the computer for solving problems that are tough
to solve in the present domain of Von Neumann architecture. In the seminar we
would consider the later.
Shor's algorithm is based
on a result from number theory. Which states : The function
f(a) = x pow a
is a periodic function, where x and n are coprime . In the context of
Shor's algorithm n is the number we wish to factor.
By saying we mean that their
greatest common divisor is one.
If implemented, it will have a profound e®ect
on cryptography, as it would compromise the security provided by public key encryption
(such as RSA).We all know that the security lies in the 'hard' factoring problem.
Shor's algorithm makes it simple using quantum computing techniques.
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