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iDEN


Published on Aug 15, 2016

Abstract

iDEN is a mobile telecommunications technology, developed by Motorola , which provides its users the benefits of a trunked radio and a cellular telephone . iDEN places more users in a given spectral space, compared to analog cellular and two-way radio systems, by using speech compression and time division multiple access TDMA .

Notably, iDEN is designed, and licensed, to operate on individual frequencies that may not be contiguous. iDEN operates on 25kHz channels, but only occupies 20 kHz in order to provide interference protection via guard bands.

By comparison, TDMA Cellular ( IS-54 and IS-136 ) is licensed in blocks of 30 kHz channels, but each emission occupies 40 kHz,and is capable of serving the same number of subscribers per channel as iDEN. iDEN supports either three or six interconnect users (phone users) per channel, and either six or twelve dispatch users (push-to-talk users) per channel. Since there is no Analogue component of iDEN, mechanical duplexing in the handset is unnecessary, so Time Domain Duplexing is used instead, the same way that other digital-only technolgies duplex their handsets. Also, like other digital-only technologies, hybrid or cavity duplexing is used at the Base Station ( Cellsite ).

More Than a Wireless Phone

iDEN technology offers you more than just a wireless phone. It's a Motorola complete communications system that you hold in your hand. Combining speakerphone, voice command, phone book, voice mail, digital two-way radio, mobile Internet and e-mail, wireless modems, voice activation, and voice recordings so that you can virtually recreate your office on the road.

More Than a Wireless Phone

iDEN technology offers you more than just a wireless phone. It's a Motorola complete communications system that you hold in your hand. Combining speakerphone, voice command, phone book, voice mail, digital two-way radio, mobile Internet and e-mail, wireless modems, voice activation, and voice recordings so that you can virtually recreate your office on the road.

Cutting-Edge System of Technologies

iDEN technology is a highly innovative, cutting-edge system of technologies developed by Motorola to create an ideal, complete wireless communications system for today's fast-paced, busy lifestyle. Advanced capabilities bring together the features of dispatch radio, full-duplex telephone interconnect, short messaging service and data transmission

iDEN Mobile Operations

Some of the iDEN mobile operations are:

• Control Channel Acquisition

When first powered up, an iDEN mobile radio scans selected iDEN frequencies and locks on to the designated control channel. The control channel carries information ontinuously broadcast by the fixed end system regarding system identification and timing parameters for the mobile radio to use when it operates on the system. The control channel also defines the maximum transmit power that radios on the system may use.

• Mobile Synchronization

In its operational mode, the mobile radio aligns its frequency and transmit timing to the outbound signal received from the fixed end system.

• Mobile Registration

Each mobile radio in an iDEN system is identified by an international mobile station identifier (IMSI), which is assigned to it when it is first placed in service and performs an initial registration with the fixed end system. When making its registration request, the mobile radio supplies its international mobile equipment identifier (IMEI) to the fixed end system. After determining the validity of the IMEI, the fixed end station assigns an IMSI to the subscriber radio











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