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Preparation Of Soyabean Milk

Aim

Preparation Of Soyabean Milk and its comparison with the natural milk with respect to curd formation, effect of temperature and taste .

Theory

Soy milk (also called soya milk, soymilk, soybean milk, or soy juice) and sometimes referred to as soy drink/beverage is a beverage made from soybeans. A stable emulsion of oil, water, and protein, it is produced by soaking dry soybeans and grinding them with water. Soy milk contains about the same proportion of protein as cow's milk: around 3.5%; also 2% fat, 2.9% carbohydrate, and 0.5% ash. Soy milk can be made at home with traditional kitchen tools or with a soy milk machine.
The coagulated protein from soy milk can be made into Tofu, just as dairy milk can be made into cheese.

Nutrition and health information

Nutrients in 8 ounces (250ml) of plain soymilk

Regular Soymilk

Lite Soymilk (reduced fat)

Calories (gm)

140

100

Protein (gm)

10.0

4.0

Fat (gm)

4.0

2.0

Carbohydrate (gm)

14.0

16.0

Sodium (mg)

120.0

100.0

Iron (mg)

1.8

0.6

Riboflavin (mg)

0.1

11.0

Calcium (mg)

80.0

80.0

 

Preparation

Soy milk can be made from whole soybeans or full-fat soy flour. The dry beans are soaked in water overnight or for a minimum of 3 hours or more depending on the temperature of the water. The rehydrated beans then undergo wet grinding with enough added water to give the desired solids content to the final product. The ratio of water to beans on a weight basis should be about 10:1. The resulting slurry or purée is brought to a boil in order to improve its nutritional value by heat inactivating soybean trypsin inhibitor, improve its flavor and to sterilize the product. Heating at or near the boiling point is continued for a period of time, 15-20 minutes, followed by the removal of an insoluble residue (soy pulp fiber or okara) by filtration.

 

File:Soymilk can and glass.jpg

Soy yogurt

Soy yogurt looks like regular cream yogurt. Soy yogurt, (Soya yoghurt in British English) also referred to as Soygurt or Yofu (a portmanteau of yoghurt and tofu), is yogurt prepared using soy milk, yogurt bacteria, mainly Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus and sometimes additional sweetener, like fructose, glucose, or raw sugar . It is suitable for vegans, as the bacteria for shop-bought soy yogurt are usually not grown on a dairy base.

Soy yogurt can be prepared at home using the same method as dairy yogurt . One tablespoon of sugar per 1 liter of unsweetened soy milk may be added to promote bacterial fermentation. Soy milk on its own lacks the lactose (milk sugar) that is the basic food for the yogurt bacteria. Soy yogurt may have a slight beany soy taste when made directly from freshly prepared soymilk, but this is less pronounced in shop-bought soy yogurt and in soy yogurt made from commercial soy milk.
Soy yogurt contains less fat than yogurt made with whole milk. This amounts to about 2.7% (the same percentage as soy milk), versus 3.5% in dairy yogurt. However, dairy yogurt can be made with 2%, 1%, or fat-free milk, and these cases, it is lower in fat than soy yogurt

Buffalo curd

Buffalo curd (in Hindi - "Dahi") is a traditional and nutritious dairy product prepared by buffalo milk and it is popular throughout the south Asian countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, etc. Buffalo milk is traditionally better than cow milk for curd due to its higher fat content making a thicker curd. Mostly clay pots are used as packaging material for Buffalo curd. Buffalo curds is obtained by curdling (coagulating) buffalo milk using microbial activities. In this process lactose in buffalo milk is converted in to lactic acid using several micro-organisms. Several micro-organism species are involved in the fermentation such as Streptococcus lactis, Streptococcus diacetylactis, Streptococcus cremoris, Lactobacillus bulgaricusand and Streptococcus thermophillus.

Buffalo curd has a higher nutritional value of protein, fat, lactose, minerals and vitamins. It should have 7.5% of milk fat, 8.5% of milk solids and 4.5% of Milk acid (lactic acid). Quality of the curd is totally depend on the starter culture. Fermentation also develops the characteristic flavor and colour of the product. Buffalo curd can be made in both traditional and industrial forms. Traditionally buffalo milk is filtered and boiled, the scum is removed and it is cooled to room temperature. A few spoonfuls of a previous batch of curd are added and it is then mixed well and poured into clay pots. These are sealed by wrapping a piece of paper over the pot and allowing it to stand for 12 hours.

Requirements

Beakers, pestle and mortar, measuring cylinder, glass rod, tripod-stand, thermometer, muslin cloth, burner. Soyabeans, buffalo milk, fresh curd and distilled water.

Procedure

1) Soak about 150g of Soya beans in sufficient amount of water so that they are completely dipped in it.

2) Take out swollen Soyabeans and grind them to a very fine paste

3) Take out swollen Soyabeans and grind them to a very fine paste and filter it through a muslin cloth. Clear white filtrate is soyabean milk. Compare its taste with buffalo milk.

4) Take 50 ml of soyabean milk in three other beakers and heat the beakers to 30°, 40°and 50°C respectively. Add ¼ spoonful curd to each of these beakers. Leave the beakers undisturbed for 8 hours and curd is formed.

5) Similarly, take 50 ml of buffalo milk in three beakers and heat the beakers to 30°, 40° and 50°C respectively. Add ¼ spoonful curd to each of these beakers. Leave the beakers undisturbed for 8 hours and curd is formed

Observations

Type of milk

Beaker No.

Temperature

Quality of curd

Taste of curd

 

1

 

 

 

Buffalo milk

2

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

Soyabean milk

5

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

Result

For buffalo milk, the best temperature for the formation of good quality and tasty curd is…..°C and for soyabean milk, it is …..°C

Bibliography

 Comprehensive Practical Chemistry – XII.
 N.C.E.R.T Chemistry Text Book.
 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

 

 

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